Republican Motherhood is the thought process that daughters and mothers should be taught to uphold the thoughts and ideas of Republicanism. They would pass their Republican values to further generations. It is the believe that by raising a child of good moral character and providing a proper formal education would help to pass down and preserve the Republic which they were now entrusted with. The United States of America is a special place and the freedom which they now posses must be protected by passing down the correct teachings of our founding.
Some of the most important ideas of Republicanism are that:
- Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. That all the people are free and each have the same opportunities for success. The American Dream.
- The Government sole purpose is to protect the People's Rights.
- The people as a whole, should be sovereign. They should be self-governing and have a say in who leads them.
- Power is always given by the people, never inherited (like a King or in a monarchy)
- All People Must play a roll in their government.
- Political corruption is terrible and has no place in a republic
Republicanism is different than other forms of democracy. In a pure democracy, the majority rules. If a majority of the people voted to take rights away from a certain group, that is what would happen. Alexis de Tocqueville, a famous French political thinker, called this the "tyranny of the majority." He meant that a pure democracy could still turn into an unfair, unequal, corrupt society if the majority of the people decided to take away others' rights.
Republicanism says that people have rights that cannot be given away or taken away. A Republic government is different than a pure democracy, because they include protections to make sure people's rights are not taken away. In a true republican government, one group - even if it is a majority - cannot take another group's unalienable rights away.
During the American Revolution it was women who ran households in the absence of men. Abigail Adams, wife of President and founding father, John Adams, became an early leader of the Republican Motherhood.
The Republican Motherhood believes that a republic can only survive if its citizens are taught to be of good moral character and formally educated. Who were the primary caretakers of American children? American women. If the republic of the United States were to succeed, women must be educated in virtue so they could teach their children and pass to them these foundations for success that our Republic is based upon.
"Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it."
"Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth."
Exodus 20:7-17 (KJV)
"7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. 12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. 13 Thou shalt not kill. 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15 Thou shalt not steal. 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's."
These founding truths are also taught in the Bible. The United States of America is a Republic that was founded upon God's Word. The basic principle of Republican Motherhood is to ensure those who are teaching our children are doing so with Biblical principles, teach the children to be of good moral character and to ensure a proper formal education. It is these lessons, passed down...that would keep our Republic for the generations to come.